Graphene from CO2
Direct Synthesis of Technological Material Graphene from Greenhouse Gas Carbon Dioxide – Publication in ChemSusChem 2019.
Carbon dioxide (red-black) and hydrogen (gray) catalytically react to graphene (black) on a copper-palladium surface. (Picture: C. Grupe, KIT)
Convergent Emergence of Complexity
Nature Chemistry 2018
reports how starting from a single precursor,featuring asymmetry both in
geometry and reactivity, the rare semiregular (22.214.171.124) Archimedean Tiling with long-range is formed in a multistep approach.
Coordination Chemistry Isotopologues
The synthesis of the two isotopologues of 163
featuring different magnetic properties is reported in
Angewandte Chemie 2017.
Single Molecule Magnets from CO2
A publication in Chem. Sci. 2017
shows how Single Molecule Magnets (SMMs) exhibiting exchange coupled QTM can be synthesized by insertion of environmentally harmful CO2
Quantum Einstein-de Haas Effect
As reported in Nature Comms 2016
the Einstein–de Haas effect at the quantum level has been demonstrated using a single-molecule magnet
attached to a carbon nanotube mechanical nanoresonator. Press Nature Physics
Divergent Coordination Chemistry
A communication in Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2016
reports how tautomerism of a homoditopic ligand leads during Fe(II) metal
ion coordination to the emergence of both diversity and complexity from the molecular level. Divergent Coordination Chemistry is featured by two, in parallel synthesized tauto-isomeric
tetramers differing strongly in their magnetic properties. Cover
Giant Magnetic Hysteresis
Adv. Mater. 2016
reports on TbPc2
single-molecule magnets adsorbed on a magnesium oxide tunnel barrier exhibiting record magnetic remanence, record hysteresis opening, perfect out-of-plane alignment of the magnetic easy axes, and self-assembly into a well-ordered layer. Cover
Tuning Topological Insulators by Molecules
An article in Nano Lett. 2015
a rational design approach to customize the spin texture of surface states of a topological insulator (TI) Bi2
. For the rational design we use theoretical calculations to guide the choice and chemical synthesis of appropriate molecules that customize the spin texture of Bi2
. These tailored interface properties—passivation, spin-texture tuning, and creation of hybrid interface states—lay a solid foundation for interface-assisted molecular spintronics in spin-textured materials.
Ir(ppy)3 as Quantum Transducer for Plasmon Generation
Controlling light at the nanoscale by electrical fields requires objects, in which electro-magnetic properties are responsive to gating fields. In two recent publications it was shown that molecules fulfil this requirement and act as such quantum transducers. This article was presented as research highlight in Nature Photonics. To read more see Nano Letters 2013
and Nano Letters 2014
. Press Nature Photonics
Electrically driven nuclear spin resonance in single-molecule magnets
A recent publication in Science shows how coherent single nuclear-spin manipulation using electric fields only can be achieved. This quantum-mechanical process is present in all nuclear spin systems and uses of the hyperfine Stark effect as a magnetic field transducer at the atomic level. To read more see Science
First Time Electronic Read-out of Nuclear Spin States
For the first time nuclear spin states could be read out electronically by integrating single quantum magnets into circuits
(in collaboration with W. Wernsdorfer). Long nuclear spin lifetimes (tens of seconds) and exceptional relaxation
characteristics at the single-atom scale open the way to a completely new device world, into which quantum logics may be
. Press Nature Nanotech.
Real Space Observation of Spin-split Molecular Orbitals in Adsorbed SMMs
In collaboration with the group of R. Wiesendanger, the first direct real-space images of spin-split MOs at a TbPc2
spinterface were reported in Nature Comms
Coupling Single Molecule Magnets to Ferromagnetic Substrates
The AF coupling of TbPc2
quantum magnets into a ferromagnetic substrate with observable remanescence up to 100 K was reported
in an article in Phys Rev Lett
Supramolecular Spin Valves
The first demonstration of a fully functional spintronics device that is entirely made of molecular materials
is reported in two publications Nature Materials
and Nano Lett, More...
Surface-Confined Molecular Motors
The self-assembly of surface-confined molecular motors from simple molecular building blocks was reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy
of Sciences (PNAS
, in collaboration with J.V. Barth, TU München)
An article in Nature Chemistry
reports on the random reticulation of a
metal surface by divergent
coordination assembly expressing string formation and bifurcation
The research activity at the research unit "Molecular Materials" at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology is oriented towards the
design of functional nanosystems by state-of-the-art organic/inorganic synthesis and supramolecular self-assembly techniques for their implementation and integration into devices.
Video: Operating Quantum States in the Single Molecule Magnet of TbPc2. The long way to the successful implementation of Grover’s
Quantum Algorithm for a quadratically accelerated search of an element in an unsorted data base, is described in the review.
Andrea Morello presented this article in the news and views section in Nature Nanotech.
The spin associated with the single-molecule magnet is then subject to conservation of total angular momentum and energy, when attached to a
Video: The observed long spin coherence life times concomitant with low-invasively electronic addressing, read out, and manipulation allow for the integration of magnetic molecules into
electronic circuits and for the implementation of a quantum algorithms. Thus, metal complexes molecules show the potential to set the stage, in near future, to the novel class of quantum bits,
the Molecular Spin QuBits.
of the research group is to develop new concepts
and advance research tools to master the design and the
characterisation of molecular structures as well as their
implementation and integration within the nanometer-regime. Towards
this end, the group is highly integrated into several interdisciplinary
collaborations and is directing several interdisciplinary European
Breakthrough experiments have been carried out by the group targeting the self-assembly of spintronic devices. Supramolecular techniques were used to
position magnetic molecules in defined device environments where single-spin addressing leads to the observation of magnetoresistive effects.
The demonstrated possibility of manipulating spins at the single molecule limit opens a completely new world to
Supramolecular Spintronic Devices, where memory,
logic and possibly quantum logic may be integrated.
Molecules can be considered as physical Quantum Objects. The use of molecular materials represents the advantage that the active quantum processing elements consist of an atomic core of one-to-few open spin ions surrounded by a shell of organic material. At low temperature such molecular spin objects behave as simple, few-level systems and their spin degree of freedom can be sufficiently decoupled from the environment to achieve long decoherence times and making them to ideal candidates for
the implementation of qubits. The first example of such successful realization of Molecular Quantum Spintronics, the completely electronic read out
a nuclear spin of a lanthanide ion (bearing electron and nuclear spins) embedded in a molecule (TbPc2), was recently reported in
Nature. Herre van der Zant presented this article in the news and views section in Nature Nanotech.
Dichotomous Array of Quantum Corrals
The confinement of surface-state electrons is possible using weak
-interactions of aromatic molecules with metallic surfaces. The results
obtained in collaboration with the group of J. V. Barth (TU Munich)
demonstrate the engineering of ensembles of elaborate quantum resonance
states by molecular self-assembly. More...
Expanding the Coordination Cage
A Ruthenium(II)-polypyridine complex exhibiting high quantum yields
under ambient conditions was obtained by the expansion of the tpy
The report on the
nanostructuring of switchable iron (II) spin transition compounds by
soft lithography techniques (in collaboration with M. Cavallini, CNR Bologna) was highlighted as "Hot Paper" in
Angewandte Chemie. More...
Giant Magnetic Anisotropy SMMs
The spin dynamics of a [TbPc2
was probed by solid-state 1H NMR techniques. The magnetic anisotropy
barrier was found to be one order of magnitude larger than in any other
SMM system (584 cm-1
- 641 cm-1
Transport through a Single Metal Ion
In collaboration with IBM, our group succeeded to study the electron
transport through a single Ru(tpy)2
-molecule. It was shown that the
transport occurs in the resonant tunnelling regime and the
ruthenium(II) metal ion behaves like the cross shaft in a Cardan-joint.